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Influencing Facors on Impact of Event in Firefighters

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2013, 9(5), pp.1-16
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

Hee Sook Kim 1 이호진 2 Park Gyeong Ran 3

1경북대학교
2대구시중구정신보건센터
3구미시정신보건센터

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Purpose: This study was conducted to investigate the factors influencing impact of event in firefighters. Method: Participants in this study were 135 firefighters from fire stations in G city. The data were collected from April 15 to May 1, 2011 using self-reported questionnaires about depression, stress coping style, and impact of event scale. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, t-test, one-way ANOVA with Scheffe of Post Hoc, Pearson's correlation coefficient, and stepwise multiple regression analysis with SPSS/WIN 18.0 program. Results: Impact of event has positive correlation with depression(r=.52. p<.001). Impact of event was influenced by depression(β=.52, p<.001), female(β=.-19, p=.009), and mobilization times(β=.16, p=.034). These variables explained 43% of the variance in impact of event. Conclusions: The results suggest that various effective strategies to decreases of depression and mobilization times are important in reducing the impact of event in firefighters. Based on the outcomes of this study, it is necessary to develope an intervention program that emphasizes the critical incident stress management in order to decrease impact of event in firefighters.

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