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International Cooperation for Improvement of Disaster Relief Response and Recovery Assistance - The Case of the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2013, 9(10), pp.25-52
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

Seok-Dong WANG 1

1한국외국어대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study reviews the problems that were observed in the emergency relief assistance activities and recovery process after the 2004 Indian Ocean Tsunami disaster, and it seeks the measures for improvement to prevent repeating problems in international humanitarian activities. The generous funds that were collected for relief of the 2004 Tsunami led many international humanitarian assistance organizations to focus on their individual projects for more visible and tangible outcomes in a short period of time rather than on cooperation and coordination among themselves for synergy effects of aid. As this incurred many trials and errors as well as inefficiency, this study examines the ways to enhance aid effectiveness through cooperation and coordination among governments, international organizations and INGOs. The government of disaster-hit countries need to induce participation and cooperation of humanitarian assistance organizations by providing accurate information and facilities for relief work through a coordination meeting, while a leading organization or the UN needs to manage the coordination effectively by swiftly providing professional staff and commonly usable resources to the fields. It would be desirable for humanitarian assistance organizations to conduct jointly needs assessment and evaluation of the activities, in order to prevent duplications and gaps and produce an objective evaluation of the overall assistance activities. It is expected that production and promotion of a joint evaluation report would positively contribute to inducing humanitarian assistance organizations to participate in coordination and cooperation.

Citation status

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