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The Types of Perfectionism, One of the Main Factors in the Disease of the Modern Society - Test and Extension-

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2014, 10(5), pp.143-158
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

박월미 1

1행복마중상담소

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study aimed to identify natural grouping of perfectionists as narcissistic perfectionism, neurotic perfectionism, and healthy perfectionism. This aim came from the consideration of both recent studies on perfectionism and the suggestion by Sorotzkin who argued that there were two types of perfectionism by the degrees of self-development, narcissistic perfectionism and neurotic perfectionism. For this aim, cluster analysis entering four factors as the clustering variables was conducted using the data collected from 452 students in five universities. The cluster analysis suggested the presence of three clusters. Cluster 1 showed the highest level of guilt, similar level of healthy grandiosity to cluster 3, and higher level of defensive grandiosity than cluster 3, so it was entitled neurotic perfectionism. Cluster 2 revealed the highest levels of shame and defensive grandiosity, and the lowest level of healthy grandiosity, so it was named narcissistic perfectionism. Cluster 3 presented the lowest levels of shame, guilt, and defensive grandiosity, and the highest level of healthy grandiosity, so it was entitled healthy perfectionism. These results imply that perfectionism should be regarded as a concept based on the continuum of self-development, rather than considering perfectionism as two types, adaptive and maladaptive.

Citation status

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