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The Failure of National Emergency Management System, and its Structural Causes- Focused on the SEWOL Maritime Disaster

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2015, 11(3), pp.1-18
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

RHO JIN-CHUL 1

1경북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Korea's inadequate risk management practice and its structural causes in the aftermath of the Sewol ferry disaster are exposed to various limitation of national emergency management systems. The ferry's sinking was caused by a combination of an overloading of cargo, illegal remodeling of the vessel to increase its cargo capacity and poor steering by a crew member for one of the nation's worst maritime calamities that claimed more than 300 lives, mostly high school students. And the crisis management failure was caused by a combination of tight linkage of disaster management organizations, paradox of regulation, paradox of increasing complexity bureaucracy, risk of indifferent deregulation, personalization of the profession and their lack of professional ethics, legacy of authoritarian culture.

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