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The Relationship between Traumatic Events and PTSD Symptomes of Urban Fire fighters - Focusing on the Moderating Effects of Type D Personality and Coping style -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2015, 11(6), pp.97-120
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

신화영 1 Hwang, Soon-taeg 2 신용태 2

1건국대학교 충주병원
2충북대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to examine the relationship between traumatic events and urban firefighter's PTSD symptoms: Focusing on the moderating effects of type D personality and coping style. Th Experiences of traumatic events, Post-traumatic stress Scale(PDS-K), Ways of Coping Checklist(WCC) and DS14 scales were administerd to 314 firefighters working in Chungbuk. The results are as followed. The level of PTSD symptoms of firefighters was not ignorable. The rate of the PTSD high-risk group in firefighters in this study was 9.7% using PDS-K, with an over 21-point cutoff score. traumatic events were powerful factors to exacerbate the level of PTSD symptoms. traumatic events were predictive of PTSD. Results have shown that Active coping and Passive coping style could influence PTSD symptoms through main effects. The traumatic events decreased PTSD symptoms through interacting with Passive coping style. Unexpectedly, Active coping style which are used by firefighters were not helpful to reduce the level of PTSD symptoms. Finally, implication and limitation of this study were discussed.

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