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The Construction of Media Coverage on the Sewol Ferry Disaster - The Analysis of Frames, News sources, and Disaster Reporting Guidelines -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2015, 11(7), pp.51-77
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

Yung Wook Kim 1 Hyun-Nie Ahn 1 Ham Seungkyung 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper explores how frames were constructed in news on the Sewol ferry disaster and associations between news frames and other variables such as political orientation of newspapers, news sources, news fairness, and disaster reporting guidelines. The main frames used in news on the Sewol ferry disaster were the cause and responsibility, human interest, conflict, and countermeasures frames. Different frames were used depending on the political orientation of newspaper organizations. The cause and responsibility, moral, human interest and community’s atonement frames were used more often in progressive newspapers significantly than in conservative newspapers, but the conflict, economic loss, and solution frames were more often used in conservative papers than in progressive newspapers. News sources used in the disaster news differed by frames. The government was used as a news source primarily in the cause and responsibility frame and the National Assembly was used most in the conflict frame. An analysis on the news fairness index that consists of diversity of news sources and balancing viewpoints shows that the fairness level of the cause and responsibility frame was similar to the fairness level of the human interest frame. Among the disaster reporting guidelines, emotional expressions were more often violated in progressive papers than in conservative newspapers. Furthermore, emotional expressions were more often violated in the cause and responsibility frame than in other frames.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.