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Developing the Life Safety System for Community Safety and Welfare

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2015, 11(8), pp.43-71
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general

Kiwhan Sung 1 Il-Moon Choi 2

1서일대학교
2경동대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The literature review has been conducted in order to construct the life safety system which improves community safety and welfare, The term of "life safety" is defined as a wholistic concept including various types of disasters experienced by the residents. Then, the case study has been performed to propose a plan for constructing the system focusing on organizational structure, management process and roles of individuals. Inadequate public-private partnerships and weak role of local governments are found to be a concern as for organizational structure, while communication problems among organizations, ineffective resources management and the absence of customized services appear to be problems regarding management process. In terms of roles of individuals, the lack of professionalism in community members and inadequacies in assigned role and association of community members have been criticized as a major barrier for the system. Based on these findings, policy suggestions are drawn for planning on the development of life safety system. In terms of organizational structure, the modular network organization design, the development of a standard model, and the leading role of local government are recommended. Regarding management process, communication mobilization, the improvement of logistics system, and customized service arrangements are suggested. In terms of roles of individuals, policy suggestions include the professionalism of community members, clear role assignments and consolidation among community members. The life safety system designed based on the study of domestic and international cases in this paper is expected to improve of community safety and welfare service in Korea, when succesfully implemented.

Citation status

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