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A Study on the Determinants of Fear of Crime based on Ecological Systems Theory

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2017, 13(1), pp.123-137
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2017.13.1.123
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : December 10, 2016
  • Accepted : January 19, 2017
  • Published : January 31, 2017

Byung Gu Kang 1 Ji Won Jang 1 Cho Sang Hyun 1 Jung Byung Soo 2

1동국대학교
2세한대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this paper, we explored the determinants of fear of crime by focusing on interaction between individuals and social environments surrounding them. Based on the ecological systems theory, this study found some interesting results as follows. It suggests that general fear of crime should be distinguished from specific fear of crime in both microsystem and mezzosystem. More specifically, the factors affecting general fear are not consistent with the ones affecting the specific fear, regardless of the fact that both fears are affected by individuals’ perception of crime trends in macrosystem. For example, indirect experience of crime affects specific fear of crime while it does not affect general fear of crime. Moreover, we found that informal control does affect general fear of crime but social bonding does not, while social bonding affects specific fear of crime but informal control does not.

Citation status

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