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Recognition and Response to Low Fertility - Policy Response to Low Fertility in Japan -

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2017, 13(2), pp.1-16
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2017.13.2.1
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : December 20, 2016
  • Accepted : February 23, 2017
  • Published : February 28, 2017

Kang Hye Jung 1 Song, Hyo-Jin 2

1선문대학교 정부간관계연구소
2창원시정연구원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

South Korea’s fertility rate in 2005 fell to a record of 1.08 per woman, the lowest rate in the Korean history, which has caused many social problems such as decline in working-age population and increase in elderly population. To solve these problems, the Korean government established the policies for low fertility and aging in 2006 and in 2010, but no visible change in fertility rates has been observed. The Korean government presented the third initiative for low fertility and aging society in 2016, but it also faces criticism that the it is not so different from the former policies. Thus, this study aims to find the implications for the appropriate recognition and policy response to low fertility issues based on the experience of Japan which has coped with persistent low fertility for the past decades. By examining the experience of Japan, it is necessary to improve the top-down policy which planned and organized only by the central government in order to increase the fertility rate.

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