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The Impact of Traumatic Incident Experience on Post-Traumatic Stress Symptoms and Coping Behavior among Firefighters

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2017, 13(9), pp.83-94
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2017.13.9.83
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : August 2, 2017
  • Accepted : September 13, 2017
  • Published : September 30, 2017

Kim Hye Sun 1 Lee Hyeon-Ji 1

1강원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to examine the impact of the traumatic event experiences of firefighters on their post-traumatic stress symptoms and coping behaviors. The subjects in this study were 557 selected firefighters who worked in fire stations in a province in South Korea. This survey was implemented from February 7 to July 8, 2015. The data were analyzed by frequency analysis, descriptive statistics, factor analysis, Cronbach’s alpha analysis, and correlation analysis using SPSS (Win 20.2). In addition, structural equation modelling was carried out to test the hypotheses of the study. The results are as follows. First, traumatic event experiences were found to have affected stress symptoms. Second, traumatic event experiences were found to have exerted an influence on coping behaviors. Third, traumatic stress symptoms were found to have impacted on coping behaviors. Given the findings of the study, institutional measures should take into account the domestic circumstances to relieve the post-traumatic stress of firefighters.

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