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An Analysis on the Political Motivation of Constitutional Amendments during the Presidential Political Crisis in South Korea

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2017, 13(9), pp.171-187
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2017.13.9.171
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : September 7, 2017
  • Accepted : September 27, 2017
  • Published : September 30, 2017

Chung, Tae-il 1 Yifei Sun 2

1충북대학교
2Yifei Sun

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The constitutional amendments in South Korea before the democratization were mostly promoted by the political leader’s motivation to extend their power. The types of constitutional amendments can be classified into four categories according to their political motivations. First, the amendments to maintain political power include the Rhee’s selected amendment bill in 1952 and the Park’s amendment bill allowing the third term in 1969. Second, the amendments to perpetuate political power include the Rhee’s amendments in 1954 and the Park’s “Yushin” constitution in 1972. Third, the amendments to reflect the public opinion include the cabinet charter constitution in 1960 and the amendment bill regulating 5-year term for the president in 1987. Fourth, the amendments to justify the military coup include the Park’s presidential constitution in 1962 and the Chun’s presidential constitution in 1980. Recent discussions on another constitutional amendment are related to power structure and decentralization, which should be supported by national sentiment.

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