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The Effectiveness of Problem-Solving Therapy Program in Suicide Prevention for the Depressed Elderly Living Alone

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2018, 14(12), pp.1-21
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2018.14.12.1
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : November 13, 2018
  • Accepted : December 13, 2018
  • Published : December 31, 2018

Yeon Ok Lim 1

1한림대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study used the quasi-experimental research design to examine the effectiveness of problem-solving therapy (PST) for the depressed elderly people living alone as a suicidal high-risk group. PST was conducted for the experimental group, both the experimental and control groups were subjected to pre-test, post-test, and follow-up test on depression and social problem-solving ability. The effectiveness of PST was verified by repeated measurement variance analysis and t-test. PST was found effective in reducing depression and its effect continued until the follow-up test. PST strengthened social problem-solving ability and rational problem-solving style, but reduced negative problem orientation and impulsive/avoidant problem-solving style, but their effects did not persist in the follow-up test. In conclusion, PST was found suitable to prevent suicide for the depressed elderly living alone, and thus PST training programs should be expanded for social workers and follow-up management should be carried out for PST participants.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.