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Improvement of Disaster Management in South Korean Military

  • Crisisonomy
  • Abbr : KRCEM
  • 2019, 15(12), pp.33-46
  • DOI : 10.14251/crisisonomy.2019.15.12.33
  • Publisher : Crisis and Emergency Management: Theory and Praxis
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Policy > Public Policy in general
  • Received : October 31, 2019
  • Accepted : November 21, 2019
  • Published : December 31, 2019

Yang Cheol-Ho 1

1청주대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

On April 4, 2019, a fire from a hill in Goseong-gun, Gangwon-do was spread to a large-scale forest fire in Sokcho city by strong winds. The fire killed one person, burned 401 houses and caused more than 4,000 victims. This case highlighted the importance of utilizing all available organizations, including the military, in order to effectively respond to a large-scale disaster. In the event of major disasters at national security level, the South Korean military provided support at the request of central or local government agencies by pre-assigning and operating troops as rescue and search units. It also established a close cooperation with local governments and related organizations by supporting 910,000 military personnel and 28,000 equipment during the recent five years. However, it is assessed that the South Korean military played a limited role in the event of a major disaster compared to its capabilities. Thus, this paper discussed legal and institutional problems and suggested measures on how the South Korean military could perform its capabilities in case of a major disaster, based on the lessons from the U.S. and Japanese military.

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