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The effect of Self-focused attention on overgeneral autobiographical memory in depressive group

  • Clinical Psychology in Korea: Research and Practice
  • 2019, 5(1), pp.1-16
  • DOI : 10.15842/CPKJOURNAL.PUB.5.1.1
  • Publisher : Korean Clinical Psychology Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science > Clinical Psychology
  • Received : October 28, 2018
  • Accepted : December 21, 2018
  • Published : March 31, 2019

Park Hyun 1 Shin, Hyunkyun 1

1전남대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study was to investigate the effect of self-focused attention on overgeneral autobiographical memory(AM) in depressive person through experiment. Overgeneral AM was classified as extended descriptions and categorical descriptions. The subjects(n=79) were divided into the depressive group and non-depressive group based on self-report measure of depression(BDI) scores and the participants of two groups were randomly assigned into the self-focused attention group and distracted group. Each group was manipulated in self-focused attention or distraction. Overgeneral AM were measured pre-and post-manipulation. The results indicated that overgeneral AM was increased more in depressive group than non-depressive group and the increased overgenerality in depressive group was attributable to the excess of categoric descriptions. And extended memory was not significant in self-focused attention group and distracted group. This study has proved experimentally the relation of self-focused attention, overgeneral autobiographical memory. Finally, Implication and suggestions for future research are discussed.

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