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Differences in Risk of Suicide by Type of Mindset in Psychiatric Patients

  • Clinical Psychology in Korea: Research and Practice
  • 2019, 5(3), pp.233-254
  • DOI : 10.15842/CPKJOURNAL.PUB.5.3.233
  • Publisher : Korean Clinical Psychology Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Psychological Science > Clinical Psychology
  • Received : November 22, 2018
  • Accepted : April 9, 2019
  • Published : September 30, 2019

Seungjin Lee 1 Gyhye Sung 2

1고려대학교 심리학과
2차의과대학교 분당차병원 정신건강의학과

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted to examine the effects of mindset on suicidal risk in psychiatric patients, based on implicit self-theories. Attitude toward personal traits is grouped into two: fixed mindset, for people who believe that personal traits are unchangeable and growth mindset, for people who believe that personal traits are changeable. The study examined the unique contribution of mindset to suicidal risk, which is in controlling the effects of depression on suicidal risk. We also examined the differences in effects on suicidal risk of mindset on intelligence, personality, emotion and anxiety. In addition, suicidal risk was categorized into two: suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior. We examined the effects of mindset and depression on suicidal ideation and suicidal behavior. The participants are 634 psychiatric adult patients, excluding those, diagnosed with intellectual disability, neurocognitive disorder, and psychotic disorders. They completed the Korean-Beck Depression Inventory-Ⅱ, Implicit Self Theory Scale, and M.I.N.I. Plus 5.0 for Suicidal Risk). The results showed first that the effects of mindset on suicidal risk were significant in controlling depression. Second, mindset on intelligence and anxiety had significant effects on suicidal risk. Third, the effects of mindset on suicidal ideation and behavior were larger than the effects of depression. Our results suggest that changing a fixed mindset to a growth mindset can be a protective factor for suicidal risk.

Citation status

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