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A basic study on Commentaries on the Lotus Sutra Excavated from the Western Regions

金炳坤 1

1미노부산 대학

ABSTRACT

The five kinds (Nos. 2748-2752) and the six manuscripts (S. 2733, S .4102, S. 4107, S. 2463, S. 2439, S. 2662) of commentaries on the Lotus Sutra excavated from the Western Regions (Dunhuang) are contained in Koitsu-bu, vol.85 of the Taishō Tripiṭaka . This paper reviews existing studies concerning commentaries on the Lotus Sutra from the Western Regions. It will also analyze the relationship between these commentaries and the Miaofalianhuajing Zuanshu 妙法蓮華經纘述 written by Huijing 慧淨 (578-645?) in the Jiguo si 紀國寺, which was discovered by the author in 2010. These have relevance to other manuscripts as follows: I. S. 2733. & S. 4102. cf. BD06199 (淡32). II. S. 4107. cf. BD06198 (菜11). III. S. 2463. cf. BD06199 (淡32), S. 113v. IV. S. 2439. cf. BD06196 (暑70), P. ch. 4567, BD06197 (玉26), P. ch. 3308. V. S. 2662. This paper makes it clear that II and V are strongly connected to the Zuanshu . There are three kinds of original text of the Zuanshu : 1) Korean Treasure No. 206. (chap. 1) 2) Korean Treasure No. 1468-4. (chaps. 3-6) 3) BD06202 (致15). (chap. 1) There are two kinds of excerpts which can be extracted from the Zuanshu : 1) S. 6494. (chaps. 1-3) 2) S. 4107. (chaps. 16-20) The Zuanshu , an influential document inspired the commentaries on the Lotus Sutra , which were established after the seventh century.

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