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The International relations of the Russo-Japanese War and the Diplomatic Revolution, 1904~1907

Won-Soo Kim 1

1서울교육대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This article is to reconsider the International relations of the Russo Japanese War and the Diplomatic Revolution from 1904 until 1907 from the global points of view. This study is especially focusing on interconnecting it with the Portsmouth Peace Conference, the Algeciras Conference and the Quadruple Entente. This work will be revealed clearly that the Korea and Manchurian Problems including Gando matter happened in these periods were the transnational/global issues that had been not only made bv territorial dispute among Korea, China and Japan, but also the result of the Quadruple Entente system made by Britain, Russia, France and Japan. In this research, I specially was to be connected international relationships of the Russo Japanese War with the Diplomatic Revolution happened by Quadruple Entente which was overlooked until now. It will be broaden the horizon of the Russo Japanese War Studies in these periods. As mentioned above, Japanese military invasion and protectorate of Korean peninsula during the war were illegal and they were executed with coercive measures. On the pretext of the dispatch of the Hague special envoy, Japan deposed the Korean king by military force, as well as illegally concluded the 3rd Korean-Japanese Agreement(1907) plundering Korea's internal affairs and furthermore, dismissed the Korean army by force, to infiltrate into the Gando Area in Manchuria. On the other hand, after the Russo-Japanese War, the Franco-Japanese Agreement, the Russo-Japanese Agreement, and the Anglo-Russian Convention were concluded in 1907. This Quadruple Entente was to bring about the End of “the Great Game”. Since then, In East Asia, Quadruple Entente system based on the Anglo-Japanese Alliance was operated, and in Europe, Triple Entente system were constructed. Interaction of Quadruple Entente was forced to threaten and encircled German’s Triple Alliance in Europe as well as to restrict the American Expansion from Asian Pacific. Therefore, Germany actively took a plan for German-China-American Alliance. Nevertheless, Japan had free hands in Northeastern Asia regions under the British diplomatic assistance. Such an International change in East Asia was able to make shape of realizing Japanese plans to protectorate Korea and preoccupy Southern Manchuria including Gando region from 1904 until 1907. Therefore, Japanese invasion into Korea and Manchuria has been not only influenced by Quadruple entente system, but also controlled by intervention and restriction of German and America. Such actions were proved by Kaiser's plan for German-China- American Alliance connection from 1907 to 1909, Theodore Roosevelt's Initiative on the Root-Dakahira Agreement in 1908, Anglo-Japanese preliminary contacts with Gando and Manchurian problems in 1909. All these measures were revealed that Japanese protectorate of Korea and preoccupation of Manchuria had been influenced by the Interaction of Quadruple system. It was the Imperial struggle for Reestablishing the sphere of influence in East Asia.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.