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DMZ Control and Utilities for the Preparation of a Basis for Peaceful Unification

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2011, 26(2), pp.31-49
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2011.26.2.002
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

김재철 1

1조선대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

To prepare a basis for peaceful unification in the Korean peninsula, it is very important to eliminate heterogeneity and recover homogeneity for exchange and cooperation between North and South Korea. However, problems in the current exchange and cooperation project are presented as follows: First, the project focuses on the guaranty of economic interest by North Korea rather than the joint interest of North and South Korea. Second, the safety of Korean people living in the Gaesung Industrial Complex is worrisome. Third, the tourism industry targeted only Korean people. The optimal place to resolve these problems and to prepare a basis for peaceful unification will be the DMZ. The exchange and cooperation project for the DMZ should be planned as follows: First, the existing Geumgangsan Tourism Project should be expanded into a Geumgangsan-Seolaksan Tourism Project and it should be an international tourism project. Second, when a joint industrial complex for North and South Korea is required, the industrial complex should be located centering on the DMZ because of safety issues for South Koreans. In addition, any conflict between South and North Korea should be mitigated through operational arms control, which limits offensive military power in the surrounding areas. It is not easy for South and North Korea, which have had a confrontational relationship for over a half century, to cooperate in the DMZ, but when they recognize their mutual benefits and promise a guarantee of safety, a basis for peaceful unification can be developed through constructive political and military trust, creation of joint interest, and the 'active' support of neighboring nations.

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