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The American policy and the implication for Central Asia in the Post-Cold war Era : With Structural Realism

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2014, 29(1), pp.79-116
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2014.29.1.003
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Park, Sang Nam 1

1한신대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This paper analyzes the US’s policy towards Central Asia from the perspective of the neo-realist system theory which states that the international system is likely to decide and hold influence over an individual state’s foreign policy. It can be said that a uni-polar system has been established since the collapse of the Cold War across the world; particularly in Central Asia where the multi-polar system was formed. Over the last two decades the US policy towards Central Asia have shown some clear changes towards the US’s gradual acceptance of the multi-polarity in the region even though it started from the uni-polarity and unilateralism. This change resulted from the US recognizing that her superiority is no more effective in protecting its security from terrorism and radicalism in the region, thus there’s no other way but approving Russia and China’s role in the region in order to seek cost sharing for maintaining stability. As US’s cost for cooperation with Central Asian states has been increasing under the multipolar system in the region, US’s Central Asian policy is paying more attention to cooperation with Russia and China rather than in competition with them. With the 2014 withdrawal of US troops in Afghanistan the US’s retreat could bring insecurity to Central Asia.

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