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China’s Response and Regional Cooperation to Solve Fine Dust Problem

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2014, 29(2), pp.235-259
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2014.29.2.008
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Dong Wook Won 1

1동아대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

Environmental problems are not limited in the territory of a certain country. The pollutant, which is generated in one point of a certain country, gradually spreads to its surroundings and has an effect on neighboring countries jumping over boundaries. Acid rain, yellow dust and the Yellow Sea pollution make up the transboundary pollutions in Northeast Asia. In particular, fine dust as a transboundary pollution which has been continuously generated in China, is becoming a new conflict factor. However, this transboundary pollution is also functioning as an agenda which is promoting regional cooperation between neighboring countries. China, which has taken a passive stance in constructing the environmental regime, is turning to a positive stance. Because it wants to cope with international pressure to play the role of “responsible big power”, to escape from a dishonor of regional polluter, and to find a way towards sustainable development through promoting green industries. Nevertheless, it still adheres to a negative stance on a binding agreement, because of “scientific uncertainty”. In this regard, this paper discusses the necessity of constructing a complex cooperative network between various regional actors and “epistemic communities” which is a matter of building an environmental regime in Northeast Asia to solve fine dust problem.

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