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Soviet Union and Korea : 1920s–1930s

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2014, 29(2), pp.329-349
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2014.29.2.011
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation

Vanin Yu. V. 1

1러시아과학원 동방학연구소

Candidate

ABSTRACT

This paper discusses aspects of Soviet-Korean relations in the 1920s–1930s. Despite the absence of official diplomatic relations between the USSR and Korea due to colonial status of the latter, as well as the obstacles created by the Japanese authorities, the contacts between two countries developed on various levels, including trade. The situation in Korea was widely discussed in Soviet press. From the Soviet side these contacts were primarily manifested by sympathy and solidarity with the anti-colonial struggle of the Korean people and multi-dimensioned Soviet assistance to the Korean liberation movement. The paper casts light upon the Soviet contacts with Korean freedom fighters like Korean Provisional Government, Chondogyo, and the Communists. It also discusses Soviet assistance to Korean guerilla groups-hard pressed by the Japanese, they could retreat to the Soviet territory finding shelter and necessary assistance and then, refreshed and rearmed, return to their anti-colonial struggle. The Soviet Far East was indeed a rear base for Korean liberation movement. But Stalinist repression and deportation of Koreans from the Far East could not but tell negatively on the links between the Soviet and Korean people.

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