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Analysis Contents of Jeju Shown on the Literature on Space of North Korea

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2018, 33(2), pp.181-203
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2018.33.2.007
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : November 20, 2018
  • Accepted : December 23, 2018
  • Published : December 31, 2018

Heegwan Chin 1

1인제대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This manuscript aimed at finding and analyzing contents of Jeju shown on the formality literature of North Korea. To examine perception of North Korea toward Jeju, there is a method to confirm by having a talk with people at various classes of North Korea (social survey method), and this is also a method to confirm indirectly through their formality literature (content analysis method). In addition, we can also confirm partially through interview with North Korean defectors who emigrated from North to South Korea. Of the foregoing, this manuscript used analysis through interpretation of formality literature which is practically and physically possible. It is a method that analyzes Rodong Shinmun newspaper and literature on the ruler. Although the fact that Jeju is an island with beautiful natural landscape is obvious to North Korea, the perception as a persecuted land and ‘island of resistance’ where the damage of 4.3 (April 3) is deeply engraved is considered very strong. And Jeju Island is also evaluated to be imaged by ‘repression and tyranny’ of Syngman Rhee government and as a symbol of discriminated area. However, it is not too much to say that there almost no mention about Jeju Island until 60~80s after incident immediately after liberation was put on the Rodong Shinmun newspaper. This is caused by very few quantitatively as the space of Rodong Shinmun newspaper was merely 6 pages. Articles were put on page 5 (page 6 recently) which was mainly used for the South, but such articles were not even published at all when there was a big event inside North Korea. Entering 90s, however, 50th and 70th anniversary of Jejy 4.3 is considered one of the reasons for reincreasing trend of articles. And it was also confirmed that articles on Jeju 4.3 were not published during the period of brisk exchange with shuttling of Jeju Island visiting group in the 2000s.

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