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The Anti-Soviet & Anti-Communist Movements in North Korea after the Liberation of Korea: The Cases of Korean(Chosun) Democratic Party and Chondoist Chongu Party

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2021, 36(1), pp.101-134
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2021.36.1.004
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : July 5, 2021
  • Accepted : August 2, 2021
  • Published : August 31, 2021

Kee Kwang Seo 1

1조선대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This paper examines the anti-Soviet and anti-communist activities within the Korean(Chosun) Democratic Party and the Chondoist Chongu Party, which were created as nationalist parties after the liberation of Korea. These two parties cooperated with the North Korean Communist Party (Labor Party) on the political arena of North Korea, and sometimes did not avoid the conflict for their own interests. The full-fledged anti-Soviet and anti-communism movement of the Democratic Party was expressed as an anti-trust movement immediately after Cho Man-sik was ousted due to the trusteeship issue. Since then, through major events such as the Land Reform and the Election of the People's Committee, resistances from sub-party organizations ranging from simple protests to terrorist activities have developed in various parts of North Korea. While the Democratic Party leadership was artificially reorganized and transformed into a “pro-communist” party, the Chongu Party took a more cooperative stance with the communists immediately after Soviet troops had been stationed in the northern portion of Korea. However, some members of the party leadership adhered to an anti-communist stance, and anti-communist activities in the local party put a heavy burden on the communist authorities. During that time, the two party sub-organizations continued to fight against the policies of communists in connection with the right wing forces from the southern Korea. It can be seen as an expression of the sentiment that a political party based on private ownership refuses to be incorporated into a structure that abstains from it, and a result of the influence of the anti-communist forces of the northern and southern Koreas.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.