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Evaluation of North Korean Agricultural Sustainability and Its Implications for Agricultural Cooperation

  • The Journal of Northeast Asia Research
  • Abbr : NEA
  • 2023, 38(1), pp.99-134
  • DOI : 10.18013/jnar.2023.38.1.004
  • Publisher : The Institute for Northeast Asia Research
  • Research Area : Social Science > Political Science > International Politics > International Relations / Cooperation
  • Received : November 5, 2022
  • Accepted : February 11, 2023
  • Published : February 28, 2023

Baik YeongSeon 1 Ji Seong Tae 1 임채환 2 An, Donghwan 1

1서울대학교
2서울대학교 농경제사회학부

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study was conducted for the purpose of evaluating the sustainability of North Korean agriculture, and for this purpose, a perception survey was conducted targeting North Korean agricultural and economic and social experts in Korea. The indicators related to North Korean agricultural sustainability were selected based on the OECD's “Innovation, Agricultural Productivity and Sustainability Analysis Framework” and previous study using it. As a result of the Importance-Performance Analysis (IPA), the importance of each factor influencing the sustainability of North Korean agriculture was high in indicators belonging to market and institution, and general economic conditions such as ‘real economic growth rate, policy implementation capacity, infrastructure (SOC), and total investment rate’. Next, North Korea's sustainability composite index was estimated to be 42.9 points, which was lower than the South Korean composite index estimation result (56.1 points) of previous studies analyzed based on the same index. These analysis results support the need to develop inter-Korean agricultural cooperation from the perspective of the Korean Peninsula, as well as aid from the international community to achieve sustainable agriculture in North Korea in the future. Therefore, this study proposed the direction of inter-Korean agricultural cooperation projects aimed at preserving the environment and increasing productivity of North Korea, and suggested a direction to promote agricultural cooperation on the Korean Peninsula from a long-term perspective.

Citation status

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