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Cariogenicity of Vitamin Supplements for Children

  • Journal of the Korean academy of pediatric dentistry
  • Abbr : J Korean Acad Pediatr Dent
  • 2018, 45(2), pp.195-202
  • DOI : 10.5933/JKAPD.2018.45.2.195
  • Publisher : The Korean Academy Of Pediatric Dentistry
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Dentistry
  • Received : August 28, 2017
  • Accepted : October 11, 2017
  • Published : May 31, 2018

Yoomi No 1 Jong-Soo Kim ORD ID 2 Seunghoon Yoo ORD ID 2

1단국대학교 치의학과 소아치과학교실
2단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyze the cariogenicity of vitamin supplements for children by the Caries Potentiality Index (CPI), pH drop capacity, proliferation rate of Streptococcus mutans . Four vitamin supplements were selected - Noma (NM), Cenovis Kids (CK), Animal Parade (AP), and Character Vitamin (CV). CPI value decreased in the order of AP, CV, CK, and NM. Initial values of all experimental groups showed acidity below pH 7.0. Analysis of the colony forming units of Streptococcus mutans showed that NM and CV resulted a higher proliferation rate (p < 0.05) than CK and AP (p < 0.05). Bacterial activity of the control group was lower than other groups when observed with a confocal laser scanning microscope. Considering the bacterial activity and acidity of vitamin supplements, it is necessary to pay close attention when children taken the vitamin supplements for their oral health.

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