본문 바로가기
  • Home

The Mapping of Migrant Space and the Spatial Characteristics of Migrant: Focusing on the Nationality and Migration Status

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2012, 12(2), pp.59-74
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography

Lee Yong Gyun 1 Hyunuk Lee 1

1이화여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The development of internet and transportation, and the expansion of global finance and culture have increased migrants in the world. In case of Korea, the changes of industrial structure, the changes of social values and the globalization of education have brought a sharp increase of foreign migrants. Recent migration study tends to giving attention on the spatial scale by migrant's social relations. Migrants are not only trying to maintain the transnational social relations, but also embedding into the local's socio-cultural environment, deriving local changes. This research attempted to reveal the characteristics of migrant space with diverse of scale levels through categories of states and visa-type in the city-gun-gu scale in national level and dong scale in Seoul. This research clearly shows the fact that migrant's residential spaces are different by nationality and migration status. Migrants tend to utilize a certain kind of social capital, making the new space of migrant. Routine labor migrants, mainly from asian countries, are concentrated on the manufacturing areas, while professional labor migrants from European countries such as U.S.A., U.K. France, Germany, and Australia are inclined to settle in the Yongsan area. Also There are several distinctive spatial distribution related to migration status (visa-type). Educational migrants tend to find their residential place nearby their ethnical anchorage. Marriage migrants who are dominated by female are highly concentrated into the city areas which are nearby the place of Korean-chinese's residential areas and the manufacturing areas. This research clearly shows that the space of migrants is different by nationality and migration status. Thus, the homogenisation of migrants by ethnic or state tend to raise a problem in migration studies.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.