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Exploring Industrial Spatial Cluster of Seoul in Japanese Colonial Period Using AMOEBA Cluster Method

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2016, 16(1), pp.41-52
  • DOI : 10.16879/jkca.2016.16.1.041
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Published : April 30, 2016

Changwha Oh 1 Kim, Youngho 1

1고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research investigates industries of Seoul (Kyungsung) under Japanese colonial period. As the major center of Chosun dynasty, Seoul had player central roles in industry in Chosun. Naturally, the analysis of Seoul industry is a key factor understanding industrial characteristics in Japanese colonial period. Many existing studies about Seoul industries only present descriptive and qualitative analysis, lacking quantitative significance tests and confirmation. This study approaches Seoul industries in the colonial periods in quantitative perspectives using AMOEBA (A Multidirectional Optimal Ecotope-Based Algorithm). AMOEBA is a widely applied popular cluster analysis method. The cluster analysis result presents that Yongsan and south of Cheong-gyecheon (stream) were identified as cluster of metal, machine, wood, and chemical industry. Changsin-dong and north of Cheong-gyecheon were identified as cluster of textile industry. Residential segregation in two major ethnic groups (Korean and Japanese) are explained to play major influence forming ethnically divided spatial patterns in industries. Japanese were dominant in metal, machine, and wood industry while Korean were dominant in textile. Other factors such as accessibility to urban center and railroad also influenced spatial distribution of industries.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.