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T-O Map Types in Medieval Europe and the Characteristics of Armenian T-O Map

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2017, 17(3), pp.1-14
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Published : December 31, 2017

Saangkyun Yi 1 Nam Young-Woo 2

1동북아역사재단
2고려대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Medieval world map, called conventionally as T-O Map or O-T map, is less a map than an image of Christian world view in Medieval Europe. In this article, we explore some cartographic characters of T-O Map by looking at the origin and pattern in the making of T-O Map. Special focus is not only on who produced non-Armenian T-O Map in what manner and when it was produced in Armenian language, but also how to categorize the Armenian T-O Map in the typology of cartographic products. As a conclusion, it can be said that T in T-O Map was derived from Tau Cross and the Armenian T-O Map was made by an Armenian from Kāfā(Caffa) in late fourteenth century. And, this research also finds that the Armenian T-O Map had still more detailed and realistic, far from abstract or ideational, descriptions of Jerusalem than the typical Western T-O Map produced by Mappa Mundi.

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