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Evaluating Coverage of Civil Defense Evacuation Facilities Using a Spatial Optimization Approach

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2017, 17(3), pp.97-108
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Published : December 31, 2017

Kamyoung Kim 1 목정호 2

1경북대학교
2경북여자고등학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In the context of increasing social interest in safety, the continued North Korean missile tests have inspected the designation and management of civil defense evacuation facilities. This study assessed service coverage and capacity at the individual evacuation facility level using a spatial optimization approach. In particular, we analyzed how the modeling results differ when the demand is represented as de facto population as well as de jure population. The coverage of the civil defense evacuation facilities in Seo-gu, Daegu Metropolitan City was evaluated. As a result, the uncovered de facto population by the designated civil defense evacuation facilities increased not only absolutely but also relatively compared with de jure population. Also, the locations of de jure and de facto populations uncovered by the existing evacuation facilities showed a big difference. Finally, comparing the population allocated to individual evacuation facilities to the maximum accommodate population, the larger the size of the facility, the lower the actual accommodate rate. Information obtained through this spatial optimization approach will contribute to making disaster management more concrete and systematic.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.