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French Navy Ship La Capricieuse’s East Sea Exploration and Map Making

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2018, 18(2), pp.107-123
  • DOI : 10.16879/jkca.2018.18.2.107
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Published : August 31, 2018

Ogcheong Ahn 1 Saangkyun Yi 2

1프랑스 사회과학고등연구원
2동북아역사재단

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to review the process of the East Sea exploration by the French frigate, La Capricieuse, which has been received little attention despite its great contribution to the East Sea exploration and cartographic development after the discovery of Dokdo by the French whaling ship, Le Liancourt. In particular, this article aims to shed new lights on 1) Captain Roquemaurel's experiences at East Sea exploration under the French Navy Department, 2) the growing awareness of Dokdo, and 3) the state of cartographic works in the West during the first half of the 19th century. The results of this study are as follows: First, although Captain Roquemaurel heard the discovery of Dokdo from Le Liancourt, he refused to mark the islet on a map due to the issue of trust between the governmental exploration ship and the private whaling ship. Second, as a result of the East Sea exploration, Captain Roquemaurel found considerable errors in the British explorers' information and decided to re-explore the east coast of Korea. Third, the maps published by government agencies reflected latest information promptly whereas the maps published by private cartographers were remarkably delayed. Fourth, some Western explorers from different countries met in some hub port towns, such as Hong Kong and Nagasaki, to share up-to-date geographic information with one another at that time.

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