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Historical Changes of ‘East Sea’ Names from the Maps of Japanese Foreign Ministry

  • Journal of the Korean Cartographic Association
  • Abbr : JKCA
  • 2020, 20(1), pp.1-12
  • Publisher : The Korean Cartographic Association
  • Research Area : Social Science > Geography > Geography in general > Cartography
  • Received : April 6, 2020
  • Accepted : April 14, 2020
  • Published : April 30, 2020

Kyeong Park 1

1성신여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

As interest in the naming of the East Sea has increased since the UNCSGN held in 1992, research on the naming of the ‘East Sea’ has been conducted with various viewpoints, and a number of papers and books have been published. However, it is not well known that the boundaries of ‘Japan Sea’ is different from ‘East Sea’, and Japan Sea includes waters from the west end of Jeju Island via the sea off the coast of Jindo to off the coast of Busan. This study analyzed the maps included in the draft of fourth edition of IHO S-23 document ‘Limits of Oceans and Seas’. Compared with the 1st to 3rd editions, naming rule of the 1986 and 2002 draft is hierarchical. Author aims to refresh that the Korea Strait was included in the ‘Japan Sea’ and to verify the hypothesis how Korea Strait was regarded as a part of Japan Sea. It seems victory in Korea Strait changed to the victory of the Battle of the ‘Sea of Japan’ in Russo-Japanese War in 1905 by the Japanese naval leaders. If the hypothesis is clearly proved through review of the historical documents of Japan and the IHO in the future, it may become a turning point in the East Sea/Japan Sea naming problem.

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