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Relationship Between Academic Stress and College Life Adaptation for Dental Hygiene Students: Focus on Self-efficacy, Burnout, Social Support

  • The Journal of Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2018, 2(1), pp.45-58
  • Publisher : The Society for Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : May 19, 2018
  • Accepted : June 8, 2018
  • Published : June 30, 2018

Ji-Yeon Oh 1 Jong-Hwa Jang 2

1한서대학교 대학원 치위생학
2단국대학교

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to investigate the academic stress, self efficacy, burn out, social support and college life adaptation of dental hygiene students and their correlations with related factors influencing college life adaptation. A total of 265 students were selected as stratified sampling methods at the universities in which the department of dental hygiene was established nationwide. From September 1, 2015 to October 22, 2015, the self report questionnaire was used. The main variables were college life adaptation, academic stress, self efficacy, burn out, social support, and analyzed using SPSS 21.0. College life adaptation was 5.17 out of 9 points, academic stress was 2.88 points out of 6 points, self efficacy, burn out, and social support were 3.35, 2.60, and 3.54 out of 5, each respectively. Self efficacy and stress due to task and class were significant influences on individual-emotional adaptation in college life adaptation. In the case of college environment adaptation, exhaustion, self efficacy and social support were significant influencing factors. In the case of social adaptation, self efficacy and social support were significant influencing factors. Overall, academic stress and college life adaptation were closely related, and social psychological factors such as burn out, self efficacy and social support were mediated. Therefore, it is suggested that it should be applied to college education in order to increase adaptation of dental hygiene students, to reduce academic stress and burn out, and to develop intervention strategies that can enhance self efficacy and social support.

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