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Effects of High‐Intensity Interval Exercise Program (Tabata Exercise Program) on Body Composition, Lower Limb Muscle Strength, and Cardiorespiratory Functional Capacity: A Pilot Study

  • The Journal of Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2020, 4(2), pp.185-194
  • Publisher : The Society for Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : November 23, 2020
  • Accepted : December 18, 2020
  • Published : December 31, 2020

alchan kim 1

1백석대학교

Candidate

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this study is to analyze the effects of the Tabata exercise program on male college students’ body composition, lower limb muscle strength, and cardiorespiratory functional capacity. For this study, eight male college students with an average age of 20.6 participated, and after applying the Tabata exercise program twice a week for 8 weeks, we did a comparative analysis by measuring body composition, lower limb muscle strength, endurance, and maximum oxygen uptake before and after the program. To analyze the differences between measurement values before and after the exercise, we used Wilcoxon’s signed rank test among nonparametric statistical methods. Among the changes in body composition, there was a significant increase in skeletal muscle mass, but the change in weight was not significant. The study exhibited significant statistical increase in the skeletal muscle mass from 31.9 kg to 32.8 kg, and basal metabolism, which increased from 1583 kcal to 1613 kcal. Weight and body fat increased, but no significant statistical change was detected. In muscular strength, the left flexor showed a significant statistical increase, and in muscular endurance, both the right flexor/extensor and left flexor/extensor displayed significant statistical increases. There was also an increase in maximum oxygen uptake, but not much critical difference. These results indicate that the Tabata exercise program, which involves many lower limb movements, enhanced improvements in muscle mass, muscular strength, and muscular endurance when performed for 8 weeks.

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