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A Study on the Need for Oral Care Following the Immune Aging and Dental Diseases of Old Dogs

  • The Journal of Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Abbr : JTS
  • 2022, 6(2), pp.161-168
  • Publisher : The Society for Transdisciplinary Studies
  • Research Area : Interdisciplinary Studies > Interdisciplinary Research
  • Received : July 5, 2022
  • Accepted : August 22, 2022
  • Published : August 31, 2022

Roh Jae-hee 1

1광주여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Dental diseases are very common among the veterinary diseases, which significantly affect the quality of life according to the interest and care thereto. In recent years, as the life expectancy of pets has increased, the interest in the care of old animals has also grown. As dogs age, their immunity changes, thereby making them vulnerable to various diseases. In particular, the incidence of dental diseases intensifies among the older dogs. In this review, the references and materials on the immune changes and major dental diseases among the old dogs were collected and presented together. Furthermore, the dogs’ oral care method and effectiveness were confirmed. The dogs’ immune aging arises when the thymus degenerates and the production of new cells in the bone marrow decreases. The age related changes include a decline in the cellular immune response. In addition, the major dental diseases of old dogs include periodontal disease, apical abscess, pathologic mandibular fracture, and oral tumor. The dogs’ oral care may be achieved via the regular and effective home care that combines regular health check-ups and treatments. In this paper, it is intended to verify the characteristics of immunity and dental diseases of old dogs, and present the importance of dental care for the extension of healthy life expectancy of dogs.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.