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Study on Art Administration of Earthworks: Land Reclamation as Sculpture (1979-1982) in King County

  • Journal of History of Modern Art
  • 2017, (41), pp.67-94
  • DOI : 10.17057/kahoma.2017..41.003
  • Publisher : 현대미술사학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Art > Arts in general > Art History
  • Received : April 27, 2017
  • Accepted : May 30, 2017
  • Published : June 30, 2017

Imshil Hong 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The thesis is a study about the project Earthworks: Land Reclamation as Sculpture (1979-1982) conducted in King County, Washington, USA. It was a public art project to transform the devastated site into Land Art, aiming to provide the selected artists with an opportunity to rehabilitate the technologically abused sites through art, while raising concerns over the local community environmental issues. The project consisted of 2 phases: Phase-1 was a Land Art to transform the damaged site into sculpture, and Phase-2 was designed to establish a mockup to showcase the theme of the Project. Robert Morris and Herbert Bayer were selected for Phase 1: Morris created the work Untitled to claim desolation caused by industrialization and Bayer designed the project Mill Creek Canyon Earthwork and established the Mill Creek Canyon Park that was used for an entertainment facility for local residents while taking a role of erosion control in the region. For Phase 2, six artists - Iain Baxter, Richard Fleischer, Lawrence Hanson, Mary Miss, Dennis Oppenheim, and Beverly Pepper - were chosen and their earthworks were contributed in the land rehabilitation project. Among the six artists, Beverly Pepper suggested a sculpture modeled after ancient monument “Tell” and Iain Baxter suggested a sculpture highlighting the function of art.

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