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Expression of Disappearing Faces: Deleuze’s becoming-animal and becoming-imperceptible

  • Journal of History of Modern Art
  • 2017, (41), pp.95-117
  • DOI : 10.17057/kahoma.2017..41.004
  • Publisher : 현대미술사학회
  • Research Area : Arts and Kinesiology > Art > Arts in general > Art History
  • Received : May 1, 2017
  • Accepted : May 22, 2017
  • Published : June 30, 2017

HAN EUI JUNG 1

1숙명여자대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Traditionally, the face has been functioned as a place where the concept of self or identity is shown. The authors of modern physiognomy had written the ontology of rational subject by reading faces and expressions which show individual’s sprit and nature. But they didn’t deny the correlation between physiognomy and emotions. Then the emotion meant something irrational, and the human capacity de-formalized. Therefore, the physiognomy has included the inhuman form, especially the comparing image of animal and human. This study considers this aspect of the physiognomy as symptom of disappearing face of rational subject. Deleuze also reads the face as a place of subjectivation and signification, and criticizes the operational method of faciality that differences are integrated to identification. By deconstructing the human face, he establishes the strategy of ‘becoming-animal’. Becoming-animal is not an evolution by descent and filiation. It is always a different order by alliance, contagion and infection. Finally, Deleuze’s becoming-animal comes to ‘becoming-imperceptible’. This study proposes schizophrene’s expressions as an example of disappearing face. The becoming-animal in art brut artists’ expressions such as Auguste Forestier and Friedrich Schröder-Sonnenstern, and the becoming-imperceptible in self-taught artist’s expressions such as Scottie Wilson and Michel Nedjar, can verify the creative activity of face returning back to potentiality.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.