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The Reformation of Modern Theatrical Field and the Concept of 'heunghaeng’ : From 'yeonhaeng' to 'heunghaeng'

kwon, Junghee 1

1성균관대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this article is to trace and historicize the concept of 'heunghaeng' by demonstrating the shift of predicate from 'yeonhaeng/seolhaeng' to 'heunghaeng' and clarifying its cultural historical meaning in the modern Korean theatrical. The concept of 'heunghaeng, or 'drama performance' was not self-evident but rather unfamiliar, which was introduced from Japan around 1910. The predicate of 'heunghaeng' appeared in association with copyright legislation and control law related to the regulation of the folk culture of the theatrical field in the 1900s through the 1910s. Then, while it was diffused to the theatrical field, the predicate of the drama 'heunghaeng' replaced 'yeonhaeng' in the beginning of 1910. Even if the term 'heunghaeng' has its origin in the colonial history, it was also used in describing the traditional performance culture since the term was regarded as meaning merely a commercial objective of performance like profit seeking. Therefore, this article has chased the process of the formulation of performance historically in colonial Korea by questioning the way the commercial purpose of drama was expressed with the term 'performance' or 'heunghaeng.' That awareness of a problem from this paper allowed us to analyze a fundamental change of the topography surrounding drama which shifted its focus from spatiality of the birth of the modern theater to performativity of the drama act. As a result, such a shift in the placement method where the theatrical field was replaced with the realm of 'heunghaeng' was the basic drive of the change in the dramatic sphere. So, this will possibly explain the change of the theatrical field in the 1910s, where the public sphere such as speech convention was diluted, in relation to the publicity and in terms of an institutional system.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.