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The Effect of New Town Development on Urban Spatial Structure : The Change of Population and Employment Distribution in Seoul Metropolitan Area by the Five New Towns

KIM, JIN-YOO 1

1경기대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The significant effect of new town development on urban spatial structure has been suggested in many studies. They provide various evidences such as commuting distance increase, urban sprawl effect, new employment center, etc. However, there are few studies analyzing the urban spatial structures under the hypothesis of normal change without development. This study compares the difference of population and employment distribution under development situation and the hypothesis. The results show that the new towns affected the population and employment distribution change with a time lag. First, the centers have moved more rapidly by 3.0%(population center) to 3.2%(employment center). Second, the new town caused more ill-balanced urban space; the distribution pattern of population and employee shows that more distorted ellipse under the new town development. Third, the effect on employment distribution follows that on population distribution because the new town projects contain population in the short term (e.g. 5-years) while they cause employment increase in the long term. The results provide policy implication that the new town project affects the employment structure in the long term as well as population structure.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.