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A Study of Land Use Characteristics by Types of Subway Station Areas in Seoul Analyzing Patterns of Transit Ridership

Lee, Jeongwoo 1 Go Joo Yeon 1 전상우 2 Jun Chulmin 3

1서울시립대학교 도시과학연구원
2서울시립대학교 공간정보공학과
3서울시립대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study categorizes types of Seoul’s subway station areas by the diurnal pattern of transit ridership at peak and non-peak times using cluster analysis. Principal component analysis was then conducted to reduce many overlapping land use variables to latent factors, which in turn were used in a multinomial logit model to analyze the relationship between the diurnal pattern of rail ridership and the land use patterns of different station areas. Unlike studies that use a fixed time frame for morning and afternoon peak periods, this study identifies the position of a ridership concentration for each station by comparing the average ridership of half-hour intervals throughout the day. The study finds six main categories of ridership diurnal pattern and shows that the starting position and duration of peak periods vary by station area and that the level of transfer ridership also varies by time and by station type. Moreover, the results demonstrate that the diurnal pattern of subway ridership is closely related to land use, block and lot size, and accessibility of bus services in the station areas.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.