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Community-based Tourism in DMZ Border Region Based on the Perspective of Social-ecological Resilience

Kim Jina 1

1서울대학교 협동과정조경학

Accredited

ABSTRACT

DMZ border region is always at the risk of uncertainty though famous for ecotourism. This research analyzed the significance and present problems of community-based tourism(CBT) in Yanggi-ri, the village of migratory birds in DMZ border region. It was according to Ruiz-Ballesteros(2010)’s classification of socio-ecological resilience of CBT. I participated in important events of the village and conducted interviews with the residents. Residents manage the CBT based on the ecological and cultural resources of the village. Experts, artists, and NGO activists from the outside of the village also contribute to the positive outcomes of the CBT. However, several problems were found out, such as lack of capacity to launch new tourism programs, absence of outside specialists’ continuous engagement, difference of opinion between residents and the outside specialists, and high reliance on one leader of the village. In order to improve the current situation and enhance the sustainability of the community and ecological environment in DMZ border region, it is necessary to plan the public support on cultural and arts programs of the community, to set various channels for the public opinion about the value of the region, and to open up the participation of outside specialist to utilize local resources.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.