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Dynamics on the Spatial Relationship between the Main Commercial Area and Adjacent Commercial Areas: A Case Study of the Hongdae Commercial Areas

Kang Seonggu 1 Cheon SangHyun 1 Lee Minjin 2

1홍익대학교
2홍익대학교 도시공학과

Accredited

ABSTRACT

A commercial district, the core of urban economic activity, continuously changes in its spatial structure. The spatial changes not only occur inside the district within a fixed boundary, but also affect adjacent commercial areas. Regarding this, previous studies have not systematically investigated a detailed dynamics of the spatial interactions and the underlying mechanisms based on a large-scale empirical dataset. To enhance the understanding of spatial interactions in commercial districts, this study utilizes the long-term-scale, esablishment dataset and explore the spatial dynamics in commercial districts in Seoul from 1999 to 2019. The study particularly focuses on understanding how adjacent commercial districts spatially change and interact with each other through the lens of existing urban theories. The results capture three patterns in the spatial dynamics: 1) the existing main commercial core continuously expands its spatial boundary, 2) the nearby small commercial cores gradually lose their centrality as the main core strengthens, 3) a new core appears in the very vicinity of the main core, and it rapidly develops. This study confirms that the influence of main commercial area can be strengthened, while adjacent commercial areas can be weakened according to the dynamics of positive feedback in the relationship between the main (high hierarchy) and adjacent (low hierarchy) commercial areas.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.