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Port City in Spatial Transition: A Case Study on Culture-led Urban Regeneration

Jaehee Hwang 1 강창우 1 김예림 1

1한국해양수산개발원

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study analyzes cases of culture-led urban regeneration as applied to the functional and spatial transitions of port cities. It explores the relationship between ports and urban growth, and connects urban design theories together to investigate the emergence of culture-based urban regeneration. It establishes an analytical framework by synthesizing prior research on local assets, urban regeneration, and waterfront redevelopment. As a case study, the waterfront renewal projects of Granville Island in Vancouver and HafenCity in Hamburg are analyzed based on port city attributes and urban design perspectives. According to the results of the analysis, these port city regeneration projects converted restricted port spaces into open public spaces. Waterfront regeneration of port cities focused on the spatial transition into public space, thereby sharing and consuming the intangible cultural values surrounding the waterfront. It differs from the traditional use of port areas, which was production-based — mainly concerning physical production and the economy — and closed to civilian access. Both cities have improved accessibility to their declining post-industrial port areas, transforming them into public spaces that produce and consume cultural capital. Granville Island successfully revitalized its industrial hinterland into a hub of culture and entertainment with high accessibility for citizens. HafenCity transformed the dilapidated dock and warehouse areas of the port into a high-density mixed-use area with waterfront cultural resources. This research presents a distinctive approach from existing studies that focus on hierarchical structures and waterfront developments in port hinterlands, offering valuable insight

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.