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Conservative Treatment of Pyogenic Spondylitis in the Elderly

  • Journal of Korean Society of Spine Surgery
  • Abbr : J Kor Spine Sur
  • 2017, 24(1), pp.7-15
  • Publisher : Korean Society Of Spine Surgery
  • Research Area : Medicine and Pharmacy > Orthopedic Surgery

Dong-Geun Kang 1 Jeong Soon-Taek 1 KIM DONG HEE ORD ID 1 Park Hyung Bin 1 문종욱 2

1경상대학교
2경상대학교 창원병원 정형외과학교실

Accredited

ABSTRACT

Study Design: Retrospective study. Objectives: To analyze the outcomes of conservative management in elderly patients over 65 years of age who were diagnosed with pyogenic spondylitis. Summary of Literature Review: The surgical treatment of pyogenic spondylitis can lead to complications in elderly patients in a poor general condition or with underlying diseases. Materials and Methods: We performed a retrospective review of 32 patients who were diagnosed with pyogenic spondylitis and had a minimum of 12 months of follow-up. Age, sex, comorbidities, clinical symptoms, and the involved segments were analyzed retrospectively. The diagnosis was assessed using clinical, laboratory, and radiologic findings. Antibiotic therapy was either specific (if positive culture results were found) or broad-spectrum cephalosporin (when the pathogenic agent was not isolated). Outcomes were assessed using residual pain and neurologic deficits. Results: The mean onset time was 23.5 days (range, 3-90 days). The mean period of intravenous antibiotic therapy was 36.3 days (range, 10-90 days). All cases underwent conservative management, and 4 patients with progressive neurologic deficits due to epidural abscess underwent posterior laminectomy and abscess drainage. In all cases, the infection was successfully treated, although 12 cases reported residual lower back pain and 2 continued to exhibit minor neurologic deficits. Conclusions: In elderly patients with pyogenic spondylitis, satisfactory results were obtained with conservative management using antibiotics and orthosis after an early diagnosis, unless progressive neurologic symptom instability or spine deformities were noted.

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