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지방공공재의 공공성의 측정

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2009, 19(4), pp.1-25
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Yong-Chie Park 1

1서울시립대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

For more than some decades the non-publicness of goods provided by local governments has been attempted to find out that how much they are public or non-public. Recent studies of local public good provision report publicness parameter estimates about one, which is indicating that the local public goods seems to have private good characteristics. It is argued that the observed values of the publicness parameters have no normative significance as to the merits of public versus private provision. If the local public good was a pure public good, the publicness parameter would take on a value of zero; progressively larger values for local public goods indicate that they are private goods. Using the original Bergstrom and Goodman model and South Korea data, this paper shows that there is high evidence of publicness in fire fighting service, but there is even less evidence of publicness in culture, social security, environmental management, road reconstruction. That is to say, some of the local public goods seem to be private goods. Household elasticity of expenditure is the main variable in publicness parameter determination. This paper also contends a measurement problem i.e. so called the zoo effect has led to upwardly biased estimates of the degree to which local public goods are subjected to publicness. Further more, supply size and subfunctions of local public goods enable to get more plausible estimates of their publicness..

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.