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해양오염방제를 위한 관료제와 네트워크: Hebei Spirit호 사고 사례의 분석

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2009, 19(4), pp.81-112
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Kim Changsoo 1

1부경대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The purpose of this paper is to reconsider the bureaucracy and network for marine oil pollution response system. It is very important to respond to big crude oil spill pollution incidents efficiently and swiftly because the spilt oil can have a broad and bad influence on fisheries, mariculture and tourism activities. There was a severe collusion between the Hong Kong registered oil-carrying supertanker Hebei Spirit and the barge crane Samsung No.1 on 7 December 2007 about five miles off Taean Peninsula, South Korea. Recently there was much concern about the network of volunteers in civil society, but little concern about bureaucracy as a core problem-solver. But bureaucracy is a very efficient system to respond to large disasters immediately and accurately even though ordinary people regard it as a slow and stupid thing like a camelephant. Bureaucracy is efficient on condition that the successful hierarchial conditions of command-control and of specific rules do work. I found out through this study that the command and control system did not work on initial response stage of the Hebei Spirit incident because there were no regulations on prohibiting navigation and mobilizing corporate preventing crews after the collusion. Furthermore, there was no coordination system between pollution response at sea and clean-up operations along the shoreline because of the difference in prevailing authorities. Local governments less prepared against oil spill pollution disasters could not work efficiently for preventing and recovering disasters. So I suggested that the revision and amendment of regulations should be needed for the efficiency of bureaucracy through the integration of off-shore and on-shore prevention authorities for the smooth coordination system. I also suggested that horizontal cooperative networks between government and civil society should be effective for the long-term recovery stage from the viewpoint of temporal ordering.

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