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An Empirical Study on the Relationship between Welfare Policy Ideas and the Choice of Policy Tools: The Shift of Governmental Policy Ideas

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2013, 24(1), pp.83-110
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Kim, kwon-sik 1

1수원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This study examines the factors influencing welfare policy ideas, using policy instrument taxonomies derived from political science theories. The first research hypothesis is related to the effects of the era of democratization, beginning in 1987. The democratization era includes the periods of both the Roh Taewoo and Kim Youngsam governments, i.e., the Sixth Government and the Civilian Government. The second hypothesis deals with the matter of welfare policy ideas according to different governmental periods. For this purpose, governments which publicly expressed progressive ideas in the field of healthcare policy, i.e., the Kim Daejung and Roh Moohyun governments, are considered to be part of the period of progressive ideas. Empirical analyses are carried out using a binary logit model, and the categories of Hood's taxonomy (NATO model) are used as endogenous variables. The results of the analysis are as follows. First, there are some differences in the pattern of policy tool choices before and after democratization; in the era of democratization, regulations decreased, while the types of deregulation, information and instruments increased. This pattern of policy tool choice continued to develop as the process of democratization played out and levels of citizen participation settled down. Secondly, in the era of progressive governments, the process of deregulation continued, while the use of information tools was expanded. This means that the degree of democratization, and settling down of citizen participation impact upon the process of policy tool choice. This study contributes to theory development on welfare policy ideas, and choice of policy tools through quantitatively analyzing the healthcare policy legislative process.

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