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A Case Study on the Change Factor of the Military Structure Policy

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2014, 24(4), pp.53-80
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Im Wanjae 1 Oh, Young Kyun 2

1국방기술품질원
2수원대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

As research regarding military structural policy has mainly focused on military science or the policy-making process, change factors and decision making processes have been relatively overlooked. The present study therefore offers a comprehensive examination of the policy making processes of the Republic of Korea army in relation to change factors at the institutional-structural-actor level, defined by system changes under historical institutionalism. The predominant change factor to influence the decision making process of military structure policy since the founding of the Korean armed forces is the army command structure, which has meant that the opportunity factors as well as motivation factors for policy change pass through the three governmental cabinet. In addition, reduction of the US armed forces in Korea, based on US military strategy, means that change in the security structure of the Korean peninsular is a realistic expectation, as is a re-evaluation of the Korean armed forces structure. The army focus of the Ministry of National Defense, along with the formal and informal influence of actors, also directly impacts upon the political decision making process, but without regard to political direction. The conclusion suggests that Korean military structure policy can be described as a periodical-sociological output influenced by the institutional limits and opportunity factors of the existing policy, external-internal security structure and domestic political structure, and formal and informal initiative actors. In order to put in place a proper decision making process for military structural policy, systematic measures, based on further analysis of change factors, are required.

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