본문 바로가기
  • Home

An Analysis of Public Participation in South Korea: Degree and Contents in Policy-making Process

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2014, 24(4), pp.161-185
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

JEONG, JEONG HWA 1 Eun Jaeho 2 Nam Jae-Geol 3

1강원대학교
2한국행정연구원
3단국대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

This research is an empirical study aimed at shedding light on the degree and contents of public participation currently in South Korea. In total, 631 cases of public participation are analyzed from 179 public institutions (38 central governments, 13 upper-level local governments, and 128 lower-level local governments). Empirical analysis of the cases reveals significant findings: Firstly, gaps between officers' cognition and the actual participation of citizens are commonly found in all three types of institution. Secondly, there are differences in the degree of public participation amongst the various institutions. Lastly, there are differences in the contents of citizen participation between central and local governments, but more similarities when the analysis is limited to local government institutions. Some policy implications can be drawn out from the findings. Firstly, there is a need for continuous efforts to change the cognition of public officials in regard to citizen participation: from a bureaucratic to a citizen oriented outlook. Secondly, each institution should design its participation policy to reflect not only its own identity but also the characteristics of target citizens and the policy environment. Thirdly, categorizing citizen participation primarily according to contents (i.e., the type of contribution to the public sector) may be useful to public officials.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.