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Public Opinion and Presidential Responsiveness: Focusing on the First Year of President Park Geun-hye

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2014, 24(4), pp.209-232
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

Shin, Hyunki 1

1인하대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

The aim of this study is to examine the extent that the presidential agendas were congruent with the agendas of public opinion during the first year of president Park Geun-hye, considering the presidential responsiveness is the key issue for evaluating the representative system and state management of presidents. The agendas of public opinion were measured by using data set of survey question on ‘presidential priorities people think’, which was published monthly by Gallup Korea. And the presidential agendas were measured by analyzing president Park’s remarks at a regular cabinet meeting and a meeting of senior secretaries. It was found that the priorities of presidential agendas didn’t correlate with that of public opinion’s agendas. In addition, only in two of eight policy areas, that is, policy areas such as ‘politics’ and ‘inter-Korean relations’, attention congruence between the president and public opinion was found. In special, the probability of agenda congruence between the president and public opinion could be calculated as 16%, according to formula which Jones and Baumgartner had developed. These findings might suggest that it looked like president Park had rarely responded to public opinion during her first year. Meanwhile, there was possibility that the presidential responsiveness to public opinion would be under a bias toward a few specific groups, but such a result was not found.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.