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A Study on the Typification of Policy Compliance and Non-compliance: Focused on the Spontaneity of the Policy Target Group to Policy Directives

  • Korean Society and Public Administration
  • Abbr : KSPA
  • 2017, 27(4), pp.241-267
  • Publisher : Seoul Association For Public Administration
  • Research Area : Social Science > Public Administration

HYUKWOO LEE 1

1배재대학교

Accredited

ABSTRACT

In this study, we classify policy compliance and non-compliance as voluntary compliance, involuntary compliance, voluntary non-compliance, and involuntary non-compliance based on the “spontaneity” aspect of the policy target group, derive the typical characteristics of each type, and examine the validity of this classifying model. Voluntary compliance is the most ideal form of policy enforcement when it is only possible to obtain the support of the target group. The involuntary compliance is the adaptation of the policy target group which is not originally conformed by the government. This involuntary compliance requires the government to overcome the opposition and resistance of the target group. On the other hand, voluntary non-compliance refers to the state in which the policy target group does not follow the policy directives, while the involuntary non-compliance refers to the state that the policy target group cannot help following the policy requirements even though it tries to conform. The homeless shelter policy is a typical policy in which these four types of policy compliance and non-compliance behavior are all present.

Citation status

* References for papers published after 2022 are currently being built.

This paper was written with support from the National Research Foundation of Korea.